Understanding Drip Irrigation

Whether you want to improve the quality of your plants, increase the yield in your vegetable garden or grow and maintain a lush green lawn all summer lawn, installing a drip irrigation system can help you achieve your goals. Drip irrigation provides a steady stream of water to your garden, lawn and outdoor landscape, giving your flowers, plants and grass just the right amount of moisture and helping them grow greener and more beautiful.

It’s Not That Complicated

At first glance drip irrigation can seem like a complicated subject, but it is really quite simple to understand. Once you know how the parts all fit together and work in unison, you will understand the value of drip irrigation – not just on the farm but in your back yard as well.

Perhaps the most important thing to know is that drip irrigation is the most efficient way to water everything in your outdoor landscape, from your flower beds and container plants to your vegetable garden and of course your lawn.

Drip irrigation cuts down on water consumption substantially, saving thousands of gallons a year for the typical homeowner and reducing costs as well. Drip irrigation also saves time, providing a steady stream of moisture to all the plants in the outdoor landscape with no hand watering required.

How Drip Irrigation Works

A basic drip irrigation system will consist of a number of simple and interconnected parts, all working together as a whole. Arguably the most important parts of the drip irrigation system are the individual water emitters. These nozzles provide the moisture your plants need to grow and thrive, and it is important to choose high quality emitters that will stand the test of time.

Those individual water emitters are generally connected to a set of feeder tubes with a diameter of ¼”. Those feeder tubes are in turn connected to a mainline tube, typically a polyethylene construction 5/8″ in diameter. The emitters are connected at regular intervals along the entire row of tubing, providing a steady stream of water when the system is switched on.

install drip irrigation

The entire drip irrigation system, including the individual water emitters and the lines of tubing, are themselves connected to a main water source. The water source can be anything, from a manual valve to an electric valve that is controlled by a sophisticated irrigation controller.

Customizing Your Drip Irrigation System

The drip irrigation system can be operated by hand at regular intervals or set to automatically go on and off at the schedule the homeowner chooses. The amount of water produced by the individual emitters can be adjusted as well, providing just the amount of water for each plant in the landscape.

The design of the individual water emitters varies, and it is important to choose the right one for your individual landscape. There are drippers that provide a small amount of water all the time while the system is turned on, microbubblers that bubble up at regular intervals and microsprayers that give plants a gentle spray of water.

When you shop for a drip irrigation system, you will see that its capacity is expressed in terms of gallons per hour. Each drip irrigation system can be individually calibrated, making it easy to adjust the amount of water used.

Did you know that we can install a Drip Irrigation System that works in concert with your lawn sprinkler system?

A typical drip irrigation system can be adjusted for a number of different settings, ranging from half a gallon an hour to one gallon per hour, two gallons per hour and so on. The more settings on the drip irrigation system the easier it will be to adjust it to the needs of your landscape and your plants.

Installing Your Drip System

Installation of a drip irrigation system is generally pretty simple and straightforward. You can hire a professional like us to do the work if you like, but the installation is simple enough for many homeowners to handle.

The tubing that makes up the typical drip irrigation system simply snaps together, so you can easily adjust the length of the lines and position them for maximum efficiency. The small feeder lines are designed to slip into the larger main lines using barbed fittings to hold them securely in place. Once the entire drip irrigation system has been installed, you can simply set the timer or operate it manually to provide a steady stream of fresh clean water for your entire back yard landscape.


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